The promotion of safe hygiene is the core business of Africa AHEAD.  We believe that before any other development takes place the home environment must be made hygienic so that all common diseases can be prevented.

Over many years of experience we have developed an achievable process of ensuring that this can be done in every household with minimal cost. We advocate for 10 main hygene targets, and within each are 5 indicators.

These targets are achieved through 20 hygiene sessions.  Each session focuses on  small changes of behaviour and improved facilities in every home. The training is outlined on the membership card (below).

These 10 key indicators are monitored through a ‘household inventory’ which is kept by the Chairwoman of the Community Health Club and all members are routinely monitored on these 50 practices.

If the Community Health Clubs are registered with Africa AHEAD, information on hygiene levels may be recorded on our online data base www.chcahead.com

Case Study: View powerpoint presentation 

1. Use of Protected Water

Protected well
  1. Water source is ‘safe’ (i.e. protected from and uncontaminated by ecoli):
  2. Water is within 30 minutes walk (500 meters) from the house:
  3. Waiting for water is not more than 30 minutes per collection:
  4. There should be no more than 250 people/tap, 400 per well or 500 per borehole:
  5. There is at least 15 liters per person per day available in the home:

2. Safe Drinking Water

content  housewife
  1. Protected water source is used or water is treated ( chemically or boiled)
  2. Each household has two clean  containers for  storage of water
  3. If buckets are used, they are properly covered
  4. Use of ladle or jug when taking drinking water from bucket
  5. Family members used thier own cup for drinking

3. Clean Hygienic Kitchen

  1. Food preparation is done in a dedicated room / shelter (kitchen)
  2. The cooking area or kitchen is clean and well swept
  3. Eating/cooking utensils are stored out of reach of animals and children (pot-rack)
  4. All food and water is protected from flies (in cupboard, under covers, or in fridge)
  5. A fuel efficient stove (with chimney) is used and the room is well ventilated:

4. Solid Waste Management

  1. All refuse is disposed properly in a dedicate refuse pit or container
  2. The refuse pit is well managed (regular burial, burning or collection)
  3. The refuse is separated, and bio-degradable is used for compost
  4. The refuse is separated, and non bio-degradable is reused or recycled
  5. The yard is well swept with no sight or smell of refuse of any kind

5. Safe Sanitation

Plastic Sanplat IDP 2
  1. All adult, child and baby excreta is deposited immediately in a latrine or buried (cat sanitation)
  2. The latrine hole is properly covered or sealed so flies cannot access the pits
  3. The latrine is clean and hygienic: no excreta or urine around the hole
  4. The latrine does not smell: it is properly ventilated or ash is used to cover excreta
  5. Latrines and septic tanks are at least 30 meters away from water sources, and 1.5 meters above the water table

6. Regular Handwashing

  1. Clean water is poured over hands / water is not shared in a bowl
  2. Soap or ash is used to wash hands
  3. A tap / tippy tap or other hand washing facility is used
  4. Method of hand washing is thorough and hands dried in the air
  5. Hands are washed before and after handling dangerous substances, contagious conditions, excreta or food:

7. Personal Hygiene

  1. All adults and children wash daily
  2. Access and use of soap to wash bodies
  3. Use a bath shelter outside / bathroom in home
  4. Wash clothes regularly
  5. Air and/or wash bed clothes regularly:

8. Good Food Hygiene

peanut pressing 4
  1. All food is stored to prevent access by flies, rodents, cockroaches and livestock
  2. Animal products are not stored in contact with other food
  3. Fresh food is stored in fridge
  4. Left over food is stored in fridge /cupboard / covered to prevent flies/rodent access
  5. Left over food is boiled / reheated well before eating:

9. Green Environment

  1. Grey water is used to grow flowers / shrubs / trees
  2. Grey water is used to grow vegetables / herbs are growing
  3. There is a paved safe access to the home
  4. There is good drainage ditches / soak away to assist run-off
  5. Area around the house is grassed to prevent run-off

10. Child Care

  1. Children are washed daily with soap:
  2. Children always have clean faces, nails and hair:
  3. Children are well fed (no malnutrition):
  4. Children use well maintained insecticide treated mosquito nets:
  5. Children are properly immunized on time: