2011 Whaley & Webster

Whaley, L and Webster, J. (2011) 

The effectiveness and sustainability of two demand driven sanitation and hygiene approaches in Zimbabwe. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development. 1.1.p.20-36.

DATE: 2011

JOURNAL: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development

ISSUE: 01.1.

TITLE: The effectiveness and sustainability of two demand driven sanitation and hygiene approaches in Zimbabwe

POSTER: 2010 Whaley Webster CHCs

DOWNLOAD PAPER: 2011_Whaley_CHC

ABSTRACT:

Since 2000 a number of community-driven sanitation approaches have emerged that counter a historical trend to subsidise the provision of latrines to the poor. This study reports on a set of findings and conclusions concerning the effectiveness and sustainability of two such approaches operating in Zimbabwe, the community health club (CHC) approach and community-led total sanitation (CLTS). Surveys, interviews and focus groups were conducted in a total of ten project communities from three districts. Results show that, despite little resistance to the idea, a household’s ability to own a latrine depends heavily on its ability to afford one. Affordability is also key in moving up the ‘sanitation ladder’, which is necessary if behaviour change is to be sustained in the long term. Whilst both approaches effectively encouraged measures that combat open defecation, only health clubs witnessed a significant increase in the adoption of hand washing. However, CLTS proved more effective in promoting latrine construction, suggesting that the emphasis the CHCs place on hygiene practices such as hand washing needs to be coupled with an even stronger focus on the issue of sanitation brought by CLTS.

CONTA CT:  E-mail: [email protected]

UNIVERSITY:J. Webster Department of Applied Sciences, Cranfield campus, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, UK, MK43 OAL

JOURNAL: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development

ISSUE: 1.1.p.20-36.

YEAR: 2011 

AUTHORS: Whaley, L and Webster, J. 

TITLE: The effectiveness and sustainability of two demand driven sanitation and hygiene approaches in Zimbabwe. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development. 

POSTER: 2010 Whaley Webster CHCs

DOWNLOAD FULL PAPER: 2011_Whaley_CHC

ABSTRACT:

Since 2000 a number of community-driven sanitation approaches have emerged that counter a historical trend to subsidise the provision of latrines to the poor. This study reports on a set of findings and conclusions concerning the effectiveness and sustainability of two such approaches operating in Zimbabwe, the community health club (CHC) approach and community-led total sanitation (CLTS). Surveys, interviews and focus groups were conducted in a total of ten project communities from three districts. Results show that, despite little resistance to the idea, a household’s ability to own a latrine depends heavily on its ability to afford one. Affordability is also key in moving up the ‘sanitation ladder’, which is necessary if behaviour change is to be sustained in the long term. Whilst both approaches effectively encouraged measures that combat open defecation, only health clubs witnessed a significant increase in the adoption of hand washing. However, CLTS proved more effective in promoting latrine construction, suggesting that the emphasis the CHCs place on hygiene practices such as hand washing needs to be coupled with an even stronger focus on the issue of sanitation brought by CLTS.

CONTA CT:  E-mail: [email protected]

UNIVERSITY: J. Webster Department of Applied Sciences, Cranfield campus, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, UK, MK43 OAL