11. Water Source

Lesson
Materials

After this session Community Health Club Members know that they must:

  1. Only access drinking water from a protected water source
  2. Latrines should be over 30 meters away from boreholes
  3. Water sources should be  fenced to protect from livestock contamination
  4. Open Defecation can pollute open water sources
  5. All Water sources should be properly protected and covered
How to use the Card set
Participatory Activities

THREE PILE SORTING / GROUPING

All  cards are given out to various members. Each participant must come to the front and hold up a picture and decide if the practice is ‘Good’ (Safe), ‘Bad’ (Unsafe), or ‘Medium’ (Unsure/Average) in terms of health risk. Either put the cards into 3 piles or people with their cards form three groups and discuss reasons for the grouping. 

PRIORITY LINE UP

Once three piles/groups are made, participants then are invited to come to the front to organize the pictures in terms of priority:

  • most preferred options to least preferred
  • easiest option to implement to the most difficult.

ENCOURAGE DISCUSSION: 

people can come up and  change the ranking if they disagree which generates much debate. The  facilitator encourages discussion which should end when everyone is in agreement. If there is disagreement a vote of hands determines the line-up.

WHAT SHALL WE DO ABOUT IT?

Give out the Contamination Cards and ask those to come forward in turn to explain what is happening in the picture.

Ask those who have the relevant cards to block this contamination to come forward and partner with the bad practice, and explain what can be done.

 WATER LADDER

The pictures are arranged to show the least safe or feasible technical option to the most favoured solution. This enables a discussion to take place focused on a consensus achieved through brainstorming as to the advantages and disadvantages of each option.

Preparation for the lession

 

Download the pdf layout from link above ‘Materials’

 Print each picture on  A4 paper. 

Fold each paper in half and laminate.

Print out  one page Facilitator Guide.

These visual Aids are provided under Creative Commons license whereby you may use them on condition that you agree not to remove the Africa AHEAD logo or accreditation

If you want to add your own logo please contact the course supervisor.

Any alterations or additions can only be done by Africa AHEAD Association 

 

 

OPEN WATER SOURCES

  

1

Unprotected traditional source

2

Unprotected river

3

Unprotected spring

4

Unprotected stream

5

Cow fouling river water

6

Surface water collection

7

Rainwater puddle

8

Open rainwater harvesting tank

9

Open rainwater harvesting drum

10

Open well

11

Open well and bucket

 

PROTECTED WATER SOURCES

1.

Protected Spring / bucket

2.

Protected spring / jerry can

3.

Cement rain water tank

4.

Plastic rain water tank

5.

JoJo tank rainharvesting

6.

Gravity pipe line and tank

7.

Communal tank

8.

Protected family well / bucket

9.

Afridev Borehole with handpump

10

Bush Pump (Zimbabwe)

11.

Communal tap

12.

Metered tap

16

Water kiosk

 

CONTAMINATION OF WATER SOURCES

  

1

Protection from Livestock

2

Livestock fouling river bed

3

Latrine seeping into water aquafer

4

People contaminating river

5

Open defecation in dry river bed

6

Urination fouling river

7

Distance to safe water

8

Human excreta washing into river

9

Water Point Committee planning