12. Water Storage

Lesson
Materials

Community Health Club members know how to protect their drinking water by

1. Ensuring they collect all drinking water from a safe water source

2. Boil or treat water that is not from a safe water source

3. Collect and store drinking water in clean and covered containers

4. Take drinking water with a two cup method or use a jug or ladle to avoid accidental contamination with hands

5. Never share a cup with anyone else when you drink water 

ACTIVITY 1: THREE PILE SORTING 

All 1-20 Water Storage cards are given out. Each participant must come to the front and hold up a picture and decide if the practice is ‘Good’ (Safe), ‘Bad’ (Unsafe), or ‘Medium’ (Unsure/Average) in terms of health risk. Either put the cards into 3 piles or people with their cards form three groups and discuss reasons for the grouping.

Repeat the same 3 pile sorting for the Method of taking drinking water card set (1-11).

 The next stage is to rank them from best to worst in a Priority Line Up.

ACTIVITY 2: PRIORITY LINE UP

Once three piles/groups are made, participants then are invited to come to the front to organize the pictures in terms of priority:

  • most preferred options to least preferred
  • easiest option to implement to the most difficult.

ENCOURAGE DISCUSSION: 

People can come up and change the ranking if they disagree which generates much debate. The facilitator encourages discussion which should end when everyone is in agreement. If there is disagreement a vote of hands determines the line-up.

 

 

 

WATER STORAGE

1

Dog drinking from bucket

2

Dust into open bucket

3

Cloth cover over bucket

4

Well sealed bucket / plastic  lid

5

Well sealed bucket / lid with a cup

6

Well sealed bucket / cups & ladle

7

Clean closed jerry can

8

Clean closed jerry can with cups

9

Dirty  jerry can / no lid

10

Open clay pot / no cover /dust

11

Clay pot/ cloth cover

12

Clay pot / half covered /dust

13

Clay pot/ fully covered/ cups/ ladle

14

Plastic Jug / no cover

15

Water filter with cups

The Use of Visual Aids

 

Visual aids are used to enable participants to visualise and engage in the dialogue. 

Download Africa AHEAD Visual Aids from the pdf layout from link above ‘Materials’

 Print each picture on  A4 paper. 

Fold each paper in half and laminate.

Print out  one page Facilitator Guide 

ACTIVITY 3: SAFE WATER CHAIN

The pictures can be used in conjunction with Topic 5: Water Sources Card Set to show a safe water chain. 1. Water Source – 2. Treatment – 3. Storage – 4. Use.

 An unsafe picture from each link in the chain is selected by a participant and arranged to show firstly an unsafe water chain.

Then exchange one of the cards in turn with a good practice until all 4 stages are safe.

This shows how water is only as safe as the weakest link.

Even if only one of the four stages is high risk then the water can be contaminated.

Water Storage

Water Treatment

16

Filtering water with a cloth

17

Boiling Water

18

Using a ceramic filter

19

Using a biosan  filter

20

Treat with Chlorine / Jik / Sur L’eau

Method of serving water

 

  

1

Straight from the source

2

Straight from the tap

3

Straight from the bottle

4

Straight from the container

5

Using one cup

6

Drinking from the ladle

7

Using a jug/ two cups

8

From the water filter with a cup

9

Sharing cups

10

Using individual cups

11

Sharing a drink /straw