Community Health Club Members know the importance of Zero Open Defecation ZOD.
ACTIVITY 1: THREE PILE SORTING / GROUPING
All 1-20 ZOD cards are given out. Each participant must come to the front and hold up a picture and decide if the practice is ‘Good’ (Safe), ‘Bad’ (Unsafe), or ‘Medium’ (Unsure/Average) in terms of health risk. Either put the cards into 3 piles or people with their cards form three groups and discuss reasons for the grouping.
The next stage is to rank them from best to worst in a Priority Line Up.
PRIORITY LINE UP
Once three piles/groups are made, participants then are invited to come to the front to organize the pictures in terms of priority:
ACTIVITY 2: DISCUSSION
People can come up and change the ranking if they disagree which generates much debate. The facilitator encourages discussion which should end when everyone is in agreement. If there is disagreement a vote of hands determines the line-up.
OWN UP & SIT DOWN
Ask all the members and select a number of practices that you believe are common in the area. When each card is shown. Anyone who practices the bad practice shown on the card must sit down. Those who are standing at the end of the high risk practices are asked what their defecation practice is and the group discusses if this is something everyone could aspire to achieve.
Download the pdf layout from link above ‘Materials’
Print each picture on A4 paper.
Fold each paper in half and laminate.
Print out one page Facilitator Guide.
These visual Aids are provided under Creative Commons license whereby you may use them on condition that you agree not to remove the Africa AHEAD logo or accreditation
If you want to add your own logo please contact the course supervisor.
Any alterations or additions can only be done by Africa AHEAD Association
ACTIVITY 3: SANITATION LADDER
The ZOD pictures can be used in conjunction with the next Topic: Improved Sanitation as the first steps on the ‘ladder of improved sanitation.’
This enables a discussion to take place focused on a consensus achieved through brainstorming as to the advantages and disadvantages of each option and planning as to what will be done for homework.
NB: This ZOD Activity can be done even if there is not a Sanitation Project with some upgrading or new latrine facilities being provided.AC
SANITATION: OPEN DEFECATION
Child defecating near home
Boy defecating under fruit tree
Man defecating in dry river bed
Mother burying child’s feaces – cat sanitation
Man burying faeces – cat sanitation
Man burying faces – near house
Mother with babies faeces
Mother desposing of faeces
Woman defecating into plastic bag
Man urinating around latrine
Open defectation around latrine
Uncovered pit latrine – fixed point open faeces
No cover / poorly covered faeces
Fly access to latrine—no door
Traditional pit latrine—fixed point open faeces