8. Zero Open Defecation – ZOD

Lesson
Materials

Community Health Club Members know the importance of Zero Open Defecation ZOD.

  1. If they do not have a latrine they practice faecal burial (cat sanitation)
  2. The construct temporary latrines with a fitting cover
  3. The put all toddler faeces in the latrine or bury it.
  4. They clean their latrines so no faeces is found inside
  5. No faeces are found in the yard or surrounding area.
How to use the Card set

ACTIVITY 1: THREE PILE SORTING / GROUPING

All 1-20 ZOD cards are given out. Each participant must come to the front and hold up a picture and decide if the practice is ‘Good’ (Safe), ‘Bad’ (Unsafe), or ‘Medium’ (Unsure/Average) in terms of health risk. Either put the cards into 3 piles or people with their cards form three groups and discuss reasons for the grouping.

The next stage is to rank them from best to worst in a Priority Line Up.

PRIORITY LINE UP

Once three piles/groups are made, participants then are invited to come to the front to organize the pictures in terms of priority:

  • most preferred options to least preferred
  • easiest option to implement to the most difficult.

ACTIVITY 2:  DISCUSSION 

People can come up and change the ranking if they disagree which generates much debate. The facilitator encourages discussion which should end when everyone is in agreement. If there is disagreement a vote of hands determines the line-up.

 

OWN UP & SIT DOWN

Ask all the members and select a number of practices that you believe are common in the area. When each card is shown. Anyone who practices the bad practice shown on the card must sit down. Those who are standing at the end of the high risk practices are asked what their defecation practice is and the group discusses if this is something everyone could aspire to achieve.

 

Visual Aids for the lesson

 

Download the pdf layout from link above ‘Materials’

Print each picture on  A4 paper. 

Fold each paper in half and laminate.

Print out  one page Facilitator Guide.

These visual Aids are provided under Creative Commons license whereby you may use them on condition that you agree not to remove the Africa AHEAD logo or accreditation

If you want to add your own logo please contact the course supervisor.

Any alterations or additions can only be done by Africa AHEAD Association 

 

ACTIVITY 3: SANITATION LADDER

The ZOD pictures can be used in conjunction with the next Topic: Improved Sanitation as the first steps on the ‘ladder of improved sanitation.’

This enables a discussion to take place focused on a consensus achieved through brainstorming as to the advantages and disadvantages of each option and planning as to what will be done for homework.

NB: This ZOD  Activity can be done even if there is not a Sanitation Project with some upgrading or new latrine facilities being provided.AC

Open Defecation

SANITATION: OPEN DEFECATION

 

 

1

 Child defecating near home

2

 Boy defecating under fruit tree

3

 Man defecating in dry river bed

4

 Mother burying child’s feaces – cat sanitation

5

 Man burying faeces – cat sanitation

6

Man burying faces –  near house

7

 Mother with babies faeces

8

 Mother desposing of faeces

9

Woman defecating into plastic bag

10

 Man urinating around latrine

11

 Open defectation around latrine

12

 Uncovered pit latrine – fixed point open faeces

13

 No cover / poorly covered faeces

14

 Fly access to latrine—no door

15

Traditional pit latrine—fixed point  open faeces