9. Improved Sanitation

Lesson
Materials

Community Health Club Members understand that they should have a family latrine which should be 

  1. Free from all urine or faecal matter
  2. Prevent fly access by having a well fitting cover on the squat hole
  3. If possible to construct a ventilated and improved pit latrine to reduce fly breeding
  4. cleaned daily 
  5. emptied when full or use an ecological toilet which recycles faeces
Participatory Activity
Visual Aids

ACTIVITY 1:  THREE PILE SORTING 

First look through the card set and remove any latrine designs which are not used in the area and which you will not be introducing. Then give out the remaining  picture cards which are appropriate for the local area. Each participant must hold up a picture and decide if the practice is ‘Good’ (Safe), ‘Bad’ (Unsafe), or ‘Medium’ (Unsure/Average) in terms of health risk. Either put the cards into 3 piles or people with their cards form three groups and discuss reasons for the grouping.

ACTIVITY 2: PRIORITY LINE UP

Once three piles/groups are made, participants then are invited to come to the front to organize the pictures in terms of priority:

  • most preferred options to least preferred
  • easiest option to implement to the most difficult.

Sometimes people come up and start to change the ranking which generates much debate. When each of the cards are ranked in a line, the facilitator encourages discussion which should end when everyone is in agreement. If there is disagreement a vote of hands determines the line-up.

ACTIVITY 3:  SANITATION LADDER

Ask members to come up and to rank the types of improved latrines to show the least safe or feasible technical option to the most favoured solution. This enables a discussion to take place focused on a consensus achieved through brainstorming as to the advantages and disadvantages of each option.

ACTIVITY 4: THREE PILE SORTING 

A variety of picture cards are given out, depicting a range of different hygiene practices or situations typical of the local area. Each participant must hold up a picture and decide if the practice is ‘Good’ (Safe), ‘Bad’ (Unsafe), or ‘Medium’ (Unsure/Average) in terms of health risk. Either put the cards into 3 piles or people with their cards form three groups and discuss reasons for the grouping. The next stage is to rank them from best to worst in a Priority Line Up.

 

Download the pdf layout from link above ‘Materials’

Print each picture on  A4 paper. 

Fold each paper in half and laminate.

Print out  one page Facilitator Guide.

These Visual Aids are provided under Creative Commons license whereby you may use them on condition that you agree not to remove the Africa AHEAD logo or accreditation

If you want to add your own logo please contact the course supervisor.

Any alterations or additions can only be done by Africa AHEAD Association 

ACTIVITY 5: PRIORITY LINE UP

Once three piles/groups are made, participants then are invited to come to the front to organize the pictures in terms of priority:

  • most preferred options to least preferred
  • easiest option to implement to the most difficult.

Sometimes people come up and start to change the ranking which generates much debate. When each of the cards are ranked in a line, the facilitator encourages discussion which should end when everyone is in agreement. If there is disagreement a vote of hands determines the line-up.

ACTIVITY 6: SANITATION LADDER 

To see how common each practice is in reality, the facilitator can ask all participants to come up to the line of ranked pictures and stand behind the picture which represents their own practice. This show how prevalent a certain practice is. They can then all be asked to shift if they can improve their practice and stand behind their desired objective. Discussion as to how and when this can be achieved leads to a concrete commitment from everyone.

ACTIVITY 7: OWN UP AND SIT DOWN

Cards showing good practices are given out and each participant comes to the front to explain the card. Then everyone stands up. The facilitator shows one card at a time, and anyone who is not practicing what is shown on the card must sit down. Those that are left standing after all the cards have been shown are the ‘winners’ and they are praised as being a good example and what all CHC members must aspire to become.

Types of improved latrines

SANITATION: IMPROVED LATRINES

 

 

1

Abour loo

2

Open pit latrine / shack

3

Closed pit latrine / jerry can

4

Closed pit latrine / squezzy bottle

5

Clean covered pit latrine / jerry can

6

Traditional  pit latrine / curtain/ squezzy bottle

7

Ventilated pit latrine/ door/ jerry can

8

Open unlined pit / poor structure

9

Open pit latrine / improved structure

10

Lined pit latrine /slab / poor structure

11

Lined pit latrine / slab / cement structure

12

How Ventilated improved latrines work

13

Double composting latrine

14

How double composting latrine works

15

Dry full pit until an empty when other  is full