Gender Based Violence


After this session participants will know the roots of Gender based (domestic) Violence  lie in the different  roles of men and women, the perceive importance of these roles and expected behaviours. Children are often subconsiously socialised into believing that: 

  • Men are  strong, clever, important and powerful. 
  • Women are expected to be  stupid, weak and subservient. 

1. Gender inequality is the basis of gender based violence – women are valued less than men and are powerless 

2. Attitudes of the society (culture, religion and the law) attribute a lesser value to women compared to men.

3. Men can do what they like: women have to accept an inferior status and obey men as they usually have few other  options.

4. When society reinforces the rights of men to dominate  women this leaves women vulnerable to abuse (physical and mental)

5. Men supported by such cultural beliefs are able  to abuse women physically when they are not satisfied for any reason (bullying).

How to use the Card set

How to use the card set in a participatory way in the Community

Making a Story 

Give out the pictures to the group and ask them to make a drama using the  the pictures. This will enable you to know more about certain cultural aspects of the community, and give them the chance to show some of the issues surrounding gender based violence. 

It is critical that this is followed by  a good discussion about that practices are common in the area, and explore the questions above. If necessary split the group into male and female group so as to discuss.

Make sure to complete the session with some clear plans as to how the Community Health Club can do something to help end this practice and support vulnerable women in the area.

Preparation for the lession


Download the pdf layout from link above ‘Materials’

 Print each picture on  A4 paper. 

Fold each paper in half and laminate.

Print out  one page Facilitator Guide.

These visual Aids are provided under Creative Commons license whereby you may use them on condition that you agree not to remove the Africa AHEAD logo or accreditation

If you want to add your own logo please contact the course supervisor.

Any alterations or additions can only be done by Africa AHEAD Association 


Gender based Violence 

Gender Based Violence




A woman walking behind her husband


A woman carrying heavy firewood


A tired mother caring for large family


A mother working in fields while husband relaxes


A husband scolding his wife and child afraid


A wife begging her husband who refuses to listen


A drunken husband physically threatening a woman


A woman with injured face and her sad daughter


Father refusing to let daughter go to school


 Girl staying at home  whilst brother goes to school


 Boys mocking a girl at school


Teenage boy insulting his mother


Father drunk with sad disempowered wife


Man going with a prostitute


Teacher grooming a young girl student


Men drinking together


Man beating his wife


Office man offering money for sex to secretary


Man begging a powerful woman


Powerful woman threatening a man physically



  1. Does the story reflect situations which are likely in your community. 
  2. If so, in what way do they reflect reality?
  3. Why do you think women are often beaten up by their husbands?
  4. Is this acceptable? Do they deserve this treatment?
  5. If not, why not? Could things be different? 
  6. How could the Community Health Club help make women safer from domestic violence? 
  7. What sort of husband do you want for your daughter? 
  8. Are you ambitious for your daughter in terms of her education?
  9. If not, why not? Is there any thing that could be changed in the current attitude to bringing up girls? 
  10. ‘It is in our culture.’ It that a good enough excuse for cruel behaviour? 

Some practical ways to act together to address Gender Based Violence in Community Health Clubs:

  1. Identify one person in the CHC who can be an ‘Agony Auntie’ – known to be wise, discreet and informed and who is prepared to assist individual seeking help in emergency.
  2. Set up a support group where those who have complaints of violence can meet and support each other.
  3. Speak to the village leaders and ask what can be done about certain individuals who are known to harass regularly – ‘voyeurs’ (those who spy on women), or predatory men or paedophiles (sexually harassing children) in the area.
  4. Set up a group and a system of alerting others in a group (whatsup) if there is any threat.
  5. Establish a hot line with the police or Health Center where any incidents can be reported.
  6. Make sure everyone in the CHC is aware of their rights.

Click, download and print all the documents below for this session

23. Gender Equality & Equity Visual Aids Card set

Trainers Guide to Gender Based Violence