Publications on Rwanda

  • Waterkeyn J, Waterkeyn A, Uwingabire F, Pantoglou J, Ntakarutimana A, Mbirira M, Katabarwa J, Bigirimana Z, Cairncross S, Carter R. 2020.

The value of monitoring data in a process evaluation of hygiene behaviour change in Community Health Clubs to explain findings from a cluster-randomised controlled trial in Rwanda. BMC Public Health 20, 98 (2020).  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7991-7


  • Ekane N, Dickin S, Garielsson S, Ntakarutiman A, Rujeni N. 2019

Implementation Challenges for Community Health clubs in Rwanda. Stockholm Environment Institute Brief. 2019.


  • Waterkeyn JAV, Matimati, R Muringniza A, Chingono A, Ntakarutimana N, Ktatbarwa J, Bigirmana Z, Pantoglou J, Waterkeyn A, Cairncross, S. 2020.

Comparative Assessment of Hygiene Behaviour change and cost-effectiveness of Community Health Clubs in Rwanda and Zimbabwe. In Healthcare Access: Regional Overviews. Ed. Bacha U, Rozman U, Turk,SS. http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/intechopen77967.

Download poster: 2019 Waterkeyn et al. Zim and Rwanda comparison_Africa AHEAD 


  • Ministry of Health, Rwanda. 2020

Road map for the Environmental Health Promotion Programe (revised from 2010)

Full document


  • Pantoglou, J. 2018. 

Evaluating Hygiene Behaviour Change Within Community Health Clubs in the Rusizi District of Rwanda. Master’s thesis submitted to the Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin in  partial fulfillment of the requirements  of a Master of Science degree in International Health


  • Ministry of Health, WaterAid and Africa AHEAD.

“Sharing experience and learning in the implementation of CBEHPP”

3rd CBEHPP National Workshop.2017.

Hotel Umubano, May 25th and 26th, 2017 Kigali, Rwanda

CBEHPP Workshop Report 


  • Sinharoy SS, Schmidt WP, Cox K, Clemence Z, Mfural, Wendt L, et al. (2016)

Child diarrhoea and nutritional status in rural Rwanda: a cross-sectional study to explore contributing environmental and demographic factors. Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH 2016.


  • Ntakarutimana. A.  2016.

Integrated Population Health and Environment: A Case Study from Rwanda and DRC. 2016; Proceedings of the Conference of East African Health Research, Bujumbura.

Poster 


  • Waterkeyn, J. 2015. 

Community Based Environmental Health Promotion Programme: Hygiene behaviour Change in Community Health Clubs in Rusizi District

Download poster: 2015 Rusizi Poster final


  • Ntakirutimana T, Gasana HF, Rubuga KF. 2015

Assessment of CBEHPP achievements and its sustainability in Bugesera District. Wateraid/ Univestity of Rwanda College of Medicine and Health Sciences.

Full paper


  • Ekane. N.  2014.

Community-based Sanitation Programs in Rwanda. Presentation. Africa AHEAD/Stockholm Environment Institute Side Event. World Water Week, Stockholm


  • Government of Rwanda  (2013)

Economic development and poverty reduction strategy 2 (EDPRS) 2013 – 2018.


  • Nelson Ekane. 2013.

Sanitation Policy and Practice in Rwanda : Tackling the Disconnect (pp. 1–4). Stockholm: Sweden.


  • Nkurunziza T, Ugabinema MN, Muhimpundu AU, & Dlamini R. 2013.

Increasing access to sanitation and hygiene through community Hygiene Clubs Approach in Rwanda. 36th WEDC International Conference:  


  • Ministry of Health, Unicef & Africa AHEAD. 2012

Gahunda y’abaturage yo Guteza Imbere Ubukikije: Inyoborabiganiro yagenewe abazahugura kelebe z’isuku n’abajyanama b’ubuzima: Manual for Community Health Club facilitators. Kigali

Full Manual in English


  • Ministry of Health, Rwanda. 2010.

Roadmap for Community Based Environmental Health Promotion Programme

Full Document 


  • ASSEMBLY OF THE UNION. 2008.

Report on the Kigali Plan of Action for implementing the Assembly Decision Assembly/AU/Dec.516(XXII) on the Implementation of Sharm El Sheikh Commitments on Accelerating Water and Sanitation Goals in Africa. Assembly Decision (Assembly/AU/ Decl.1 (XI)) of July 2008